1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 9.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Advantech
- Equipment: WebAccess Node
- Vulnerabilities: Improper Validation of Array Index, Relative Path Traversal, SQL Injection, Stack-based Buffer Overflow, Heap-based Buffer Overflow, Out-of-bounds Read
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities may allow information disclosure, remote code execution, and compromise system availability.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of WebAccess Node, an HMI platform, are affected:
- WebAccess Node Version 8.4.4 and prior
- WebAccess Node Version 9.0.0
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
An improper validation vulnerability exists that could allow an attacker to inject specially crafted input into memory where it can be executed.
Multiple relative path traversal vulnerabilities exist that may allow an authenticated user to use a specially crafted file to delete files outside the application’s control.
Multiple relative path traversal vulnerabilities exist that may allow an attacker to overwrite files outside the application’s control.
Multiple relative path traversal vulnerabilities exist that may allow a low privilege user to overwrite files outside the application’s control.
Input is not properly sanitized and may allow an attacker to inject SQL commands.
Multiple stack-based buffer overflow vulnerabilities exist caused by a lack of proper validation of the length of user-supplied data, which may allow remote code execution.
Multiple heap-based buffer overflow vulnerabilities exist caused by a lack of proper validation of the length of user-supplied data, which may allow remote code execution.
An out-of-bounds vulnerability exists that may allow access to unauthorized data.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: East Asia, United States, Europe
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan
Natnael Samson and Z0mb1E, working with Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative, reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
Advantech has released WebAccessNode Version 8.4.4.P0320844 to address the reported vulnerabilities for users currently using WebAccessNode Version 8.4.4
Advantech has released WebAccessNode Version 9.0.0.P0320900 to address the reported vulnerabilities for users currently using WebAccessNode Version 9.0.0
Note: Upon installation, there is a step to let the user decide whether to define a password code for RPC calls. If the user leaves this blank, the installation will pop up a warning to the user for potential risks that they are willing to take.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
- Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.