1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 9.1
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: Advantech
- Equipment: WISE-PaaS/RMM
- Vulnerability: Use of Hard-coded Credentials
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain sensitive information.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following Advantech products are affected:
- WISE-PaaS/RMM versions prior to 3.3.29
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The affected product allows attackers to obtain sensitive information from the WISE-PaaS dashboard. The system contains a hard-coded administrator username and password that can be used to query Grafana APIs. Authentication is not required for exploitation.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: East Asia, Europe, United States
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan
Chizuru Toyama of TXOne IoT/ICS Security Research Labs, working with Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative, reported this vulnerability to CISA.
Advantech no longer sells or maintains RMM and considers it to be an end-of-life product.
Advantech recommends users replace the device with a succeeding model such as WISE-DeviceOn.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.