1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 2.3
- ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: HMS Networks
- Equipment: Ewon Flexy and Cosy
- Vulnerability: Permissive Cross-domain Policy with Untrusted Domains
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow attackers to retrieve limited confidential information.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following Ewon products are affected:
- Flexy and Cosy: All versions prior to 14.1
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
Affected devices use wildcards such as (*) under which domains can request resources. An attacker with local access and high privileges could inject scripts into the Cross-origin Resource Sharing (CORS) configuration that could abuse this vulnerability, allowing the attacker to retrieve limited confidential information through sniffing.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, and Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Sweden
Parth Srivastava of Protiviti India Member Private Limited reported this vulnerability to HMS Networks.
HMS Networks recommends the following mitigations:
- Update firmware to the latest version available.
- Use secure Talk2M cloud solutions to create a VPN tunnel connecting Ewon devices remotely.
- Do not publicly expose the WAN IP of your devices on the internet.
- Use the WAN firewall, which is built into all Ewon devices.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Practice principles of least privilege.
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely.