1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 7.5
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Johnson Controls
- Equipment: Metasys
- Vulnerability: Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability can allow a denial-of-service attack or disclosure of sensitive data.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of Metasys are affected by this vulnerability:
- Application and Data Server (ADS, ADS-Lite): Release 10.1 and prior
- Extended Application and Data Server (ADX): Release 10.1 and prior
- Open Data Server (ODS): Release 10.1 and prior
- Open Application Server (OAS): Release 10.1
- Network Automation Engine (NAE55 only): Releases 9.0.1, 9.0.2, 9.0.3, 9.0.5, 9.0.6
- Network Integration Engine (NIE55/NIE59): Releases 9.0.1, 9.0.2, 9.0.3, 9.0.5, 9.0.6
- NAE85 and NIE85: Release 10.1 and prior
- LonWorks Control Server (LCS): Release 10.1 and prior
- System Configuration Tool (SCT): Release 13.2 and prior
- Smoke Control Network Automation Engine (NAE55, UL 864 UUKL/ORD-C100-13 UUKLC 10th Edition Listed) Release 8.1
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
An XXE vulnerability exists that may allow an attacker to harvest ASCII files from the server.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Ireland
Lukasz Rupala reported this vulnerability to Johnson Controls.
Users should contact a branch office for remediation. For more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Johnson Controls Product Security Advisory JCI-PSA-2020-3 v1
CISA recommends users take defensive measure to protect themselves from social engineering attacks to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability
- Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.