1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 6.8
- ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: S7-1200 CPU
- Vulnerability: Exposed Dangerous Method or Function
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could expose additional diagnostic functionality to an attacker with physical access to the UART interface during boot process.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following Siemens products are affected:
- S7-1200: all versions
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
An attacker with physical access to the UART interface could access additional diagnostic functionality. Successful exploitation could compromise confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the affected system.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Ali Abbasi from Ruhr University of Bochum reported this vulnerability to Siemens.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations that users of the S7-122 CPU can apply to reduce the risk:
- Ensure physical access protection.
- Apply Defense-in-Depth.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. Siemens recommends users configure their environment according to the Siemens Operational Guidelines for Industrial Security and follow the recommendations in the product manuals to operate the devices in a protected environment.
Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity.
For further inquiries on security vulnerabilities in Siemens products, please contact the Siemens ProductCERT: http://www.siemens.com/cert/advisories.
For more information on the vulnerability and more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-686531 at the following location: http://www.siemens.com/cert/advisories.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely; no known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.