1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 5.3
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SIMATIC S7
- Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption (Resource Exhaustion)
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow remote attackers to perform a denial-of-service attack by sending a specially crafted HTTP request to the web server of an affected device.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of SIMATIC S7 devices are affected:
- SIMATIC S7-1200 CPU family (incl. SIPLUS variants) all versions prior to v4.1
- SIMATIC S7-300 PN/DP CPU family (incl. related ET200 CPUs and SIPLUS variants) all versions
- SIMATIC S7-400 PN/DP v6 and below CPU family (incl. SIPLUS variants) all versions
- SIMATIC S7-400 PN/DP v7 CPU family (incl. SIPLUS variants) all versions
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
Affected devices contain a vulnerability that could cause a denial-of-service condition of the web server by sending specially crafted HTTP requests to Ports 80/TCP and 443/TCP.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
China Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (CIC) reported this vulnerability to Siemens.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:
- Restrict access to the device to the internal or VPN network. Further, if possible, restrict access to the web server (80/TCP, 443/TCP) to trusted IP addresses.
- If possible, disable the integrated web server. The web server is disabled in the default settings and its use is optional.
- For SIMATIC S7-1200 CPU family (including SIPLUS variants) Siemens recommends affected users update to v4.1 or any later version.
For more information on this vulnerability and associated software updates, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-431678
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.