1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 4.7
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: Spectrum Power
- Vulnerability: Cross-site Scripting
2. UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-19-190-04 Siemens Spectrum Power that was published July 9, 2019, on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to inject arbitrary code in a specially crafted HTTP request and monitor information.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Siemens reports the following versions of Siemens Spectrum Power are affected:
- Spectrum Power 3 (Corporate User Interface): versions v3.11 and prior
- Spectrum Power 4 (Corporate User Interface): version v4.75
——— Begin Update A Part 1 of 1 ——–
- Spectrum Power 5 (Corporate User Interface): all versions prior to v5.50 and prior
——— End Update A Part 1 of 1 ——–
- Spectrum Power 7 (Corporate User Interface): versions v2.20 and prior
4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The web server could allow cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks if unsuspecting users are tricked into accessing a malicious link.
User interaction is required for a successful exploitation. The user does not need to be logged into the web interface for the exploitation to succeed.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Ismail Mert AY AK of Biznet Bilisim Sistemleri Danismanlik reported this vulnerability to NCCIC.
Siemens recommends installing the software update to address the vulnerability. Please contact Siemens Energy Customer Support Center at: [email protected] or the local Siemens representative.
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations that users can apply to reduce the risk:
- Do not allow Internet access for Spectrum Power UI clients.
- Users should be trained to avoid clicking on unknown links.
Siemens strongly recommends applying the provided security updates using the corresponding tooling and documented procedures made available with the product. If supported by the product, an automated means to apply the security updates across multiple product instances may be used. Siemens strongly recommends prior validation of any security update before applied and supervision by trained staff of the update process in the target environment.
As a general security measure Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access with appropriate mechanisms (e.g. firewalls, segmentation, VPN). It is advised to configure the environment according to the Siemens operational guidelines in order to run the devices in a protected IT environment.
Additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity
For more information on this vulnerability and more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-747162 at the following location: http://www.siemens.com/cert/advisories
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.