Mitsubishi Electric MELFA (Update A)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 7.5
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: Mitsubishi Electric
- Equipment: MELFA FR Series, MELFA CR Series, MELFA ASSISTA
- Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption
2. UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-21-021-04 Mitsubishi Electric MELFA that was published January 21, 2021, on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a denial-of-service condition.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Mitsubishi Electric reports the vulnerability affects the following MELFA robot controllers:
- MELFA FR Series
- MELFA CR Series
- MELFA ASSISTA
For more detailed information on affected models and firmware versions, please see the Mitsubishi Electric advisory.
4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
4.2.1 UNCONTROLLED RESOURCE CONSUMPTION CWE-400
These robot controllers may allow an attacker to cause a denial-of-service condition in the execution of the robot program and the Ethernet communication by sending many packets in a burst over a short period. As a result of this denial-of-service condition, an error may occur
CVE-2021-20586 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Japan
Industrial Control Security Laboratory of Qi An Xin Group Inc., from China reported this vulnerability to Mitsubishi Electric.
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Mitsubishi Electric recommends users take the following mitigation measures to minimize the risk of exploiting this vulnerability:
- Use a firewall or VPN, etc., to prevent unauthorized access when Internet access is required.
- Use within a LAN and block access from untrusted networks and hosts through firewalls.
- Use an IP filter function and block access from untrusted networks and hosts. The product models and firmware versions that support the IP filter function are:
- MELFA FR Series: firmware Version “C2” or later
- MELFA CR Series: firmware Version “C2” or later
- MELFA ASSISTA: firmware Version “C2” or later
To obtain a product that supports the IP filter function, contact your local Mitsubishi Electric representative.
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Please refer to the Mitsubishi Electric advisory for details on how to check firmware version.
Additional information about the vulnerabilities or Mitsubishi Electric’s compensating control is available by contacting a Mitsubishi Electric representative.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.