Siemens Embedded TCP/IP Stack Vulnerabilities (AMNESIA:33)
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 6.5
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SENTRON PAC3200, SENTRON PAC4200, SIRIUS 3RW5
- Vulnerability: Integer Overflow
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a denial-of-service condition.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following products are affected:
- SENTRON PAC3200: Versions 2.4.5 and prior
- SENTRON PAC4200: Versions 2.0.1 and prior
- SIRIUS 3RW5 communication module Modbus TCP: All versions
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
3.2.1 INTEGER OVERFLOW CWE-190
An attacker located in the same network could trigger a denial-of-service condition on the device by sending a specially crafted IP packet.
CVE-2020-13988 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Daniel dos Santos, Stanislav Dashevskyi, Jos Wetzels, and Amine Amri of Forescout Research Labs reported this vulnerability to CISA.
Siemens recommends users upgrade affected products if upgrade are available for those products:
- SENTRON PAC3200: Update to v2.4.5 or later version
- SENTRON PAC4200: Update to v2.0.1 or later version
- SIRIUS 3RW5 communication module Modbus TCP: For successful exploitation, an attacking system must be located in the same Modbus TCP segment as a vulnerable device; therefore, ensure only trusted systems are attached to that segment and only trusted persons have access.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for industrial security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.